Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature <p><strong>Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature is an academic journal published by the Faculty of Letters, Balikpapan University. It is published twice a year, namely in March and September. The scopes of the topics include but not limited to (1) Literature; (2) Linguistics; (3) Applied Linguistics, and; (4) Cultural Studies. The papers will include research reports that bring new insight into the existing theories, critical review of current theories, and literary review. </strong></p> <p><strong>Prologue is <a href="">accredited SINTA 5</a> by the National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia.</strong></p> <p><a href=""><strong><img src="" alt="" width="332" height="199" /></strong></a></p> <p> </p> <p>Visi Fakultas Sastra:</p> <p>Menjadi Fakultas Sastra terkemuka di tingkat nasional yang memiliki daya saing global dalam menciptakan lulusan dan pengembangan ilmu sastra, ilmu bahasa dan ilmu-ilmu humaniora lainnya yang mengepankan etika keilmuan dan profesionalitas sekaligus berperan aktif, signifikan dan berkelanjutan dalam Tri Darma Tinggi tahun 2025</p> <p>Misi Fakultas Sastra:</p> <ol> <li>Menyelenggarakan pendidikan tinggi Sastra Inggris yang terintegrasi dengan pengetahuan dan pemahaman Kritik Sastra Inggris, Ilmu Bahasa, Budaya, Penerjemahan Bahasa Inggris dan Jurnalistik guna menghasilkan lulusan professional dengan kompetensi tinggi.</li> <li>Menyelenggarakan penelitian dalam rangka mengembangkan Ilmu Sastra Inggris, Ilmu Budaya, Penerjemahan Bahasa Inggris dan Jurnalistik yang selaras dengan kebutuhan masyarakat di tingkat lokal, regional, nasional dan internasional.</li> <li>Menyelenggarakan pengabdian kepada masyarakat di bidang pengembangan Ilmu Sastra Inggris, Ilmu Bahasa, Budaya, Penerjemahan Bahasa Inggris dan Jurnalistik khususnya penyelenggaraan literasi Bahasa Inggris, Sastra Inggris dan literasi Budaya lokal dan regional kepada masyarakat secara berkesinambungan.</li> <li>Menyelenggarakan kerjasama regional, nasional, dan internasional untuk mengembangkan Ilmu Sastra dan Ilmu Bahasa, Penerjemahan Bahasa Inggris, Budaya serta Jurnalistik dalam usaha meningkatkan mutu lulusan.</li> </ol> <p> </p> Faculty of Letters Universitas Balikpapan en-US Prologue: Journal on Language and Literature 2460-464X SOCIAL VALUES IN AGNES DAVONAR'S SURAT KECIL UNTUK TUHAN: A STUDY OF LITERARY SOCIOLOGY <p>This research reveals social values using the study of literary sociology in the novel Surat Kecil untuk Tuhan by Agnes Davanor. The study of literary sociology in this study focuses on the literary sociology approach of Rene Wellek and Austin Warren. This research is a Literature Study. The data were analyzed using descriptive techniques in the form of the author's speech in the novel Surat Kecil untuk Tuhan by Agnes Davonar. Data collection techniques from books and journals, obtained in accordance with the problems and objectives of literary studies related to social values and literary sociology studies with data sources of Surat Kecil untuk Tuhan novels by Agnes Davanor. The results of research on social values depicted in the novel Surat Kecil untuk Tuhan by Agnes Davanor in literary analysis, namely Compassion, are realized in the form of caring, devotion, kinship, please help. Responsibility, presented in the form of a sense of belonging, discipline, and empathy.</p> Ridwan Ritonga Amin Said Harahap Miftahudin Madah Rahmatan Aminor Raden Muhammad Ardiansyah Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2024 Ridwan Ritonga, Amin Said Harahap, Miftahudin, Madah Rahmatan, Aminor, Raden Muhammad Ardiansyah Kurniawan 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 1 11 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.154 THE FORM AND AFFECT OF AGORAPHOBIA TO ADOPT TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NOVEL THE WOMAN IN THE WINDOW BY A. J. FINN <p>This paper explores disability and the effect of Agoraphobia in the novel “The Woman in the Window”. There are two objectives of this research: 1) to identify disability of Agoraphobia of Anna Foxx in the novel “The Woman in the Window” and 2) to identify the effect of Agoraphobia to adopt to the environment in the novel “The Woman in the Window”. The theory used in this research is the Psychoanalysis using Sigmund Freud theory; the methodology employed is qualitative research in which researcher tried to present the issues descriptively. As for the data, they were collected from books, journal and internet. The novel were taken out as the primary data. This result of the research, the researchers finds that disability of Agoraphobia is nervous, panic attack and losing control and the effect of Agoraphobia to adopt to the environment are fear of going out, surrounding and lose.</p> heldy yuliana Siti Hafsah Copyright (c) 2024 heldy yuliana, Siti Hafsah 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 12 25 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.96 THE INFLUENCE OF TRUST IN THE SUCCESS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER IN THE MOVIE BURNT BY MICHAEL KALESNIKO <p>This study aims to analyze the influence of trust in the main character's achievement in getting success in the movie Burnt by Michael Kalesniko. There are two objectives of this research. The first is to identify the types of beliefs in the movie. The second is how trust affects the success of the main character in the movie. The theory used in this study is Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs with the influence of trust as the key to success. Trust is used to see the achievement of the main character in passing each level of needs and its influence on the success contained in the film. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive. The researcher found types of trust such as cognitive trust and affective trust. Each of these types is inseparable from how the main character meets each level of the hierarchy of needs. The trust that was initially based on the logic and ability of the main character grew stronger and gave rise to emotional trust that led to him succeeding in achieving success. The researcher concludes that trust is very influential to achieve success through the hierarchy of needs in the Burnt movie.</p> Deddy Hidayat Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2024 Deddy Hidayat, Wahyuni 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 26 35 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.97 WOMEN’S INEQUALITY AS INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL DISCRIMINATION IN MEMOIRS OF GEISHA BY ARTHUR GOLDEN <p>This research explored the features of women's inequality as the influence of social discrimination in the novel Memoirs of a Geisha by Arthur Golden. There are two objectives in this research; 1) To find out the forms of women’s inequality in the novel Memoirs of Geisha by Arthur Golden. 2) To examine how women's inequality is influenced by social discrimination in Arthur Golden's novel Memoirs of Geisha. The theory used in this research is Rosemarie Tong’s Marxist Feminism, and the research methodology used is qualitative research in which the researcher presents the issues descriptively. As for the data, they were collected from the narration and dialogue in the novel. The result of the research, the researcher found the forms of women's inequality which are Sexual Harassment, Slavery, Subordination, and Violence, and for the second research, the researcher found the influence of social discrimination which are Dialectical materialism, Historical materialism, Class Struggle, Alienation, and Revolution.</p> <p> </p> <p><a href="" name="_ftn1"></a></p> Vidie Alfadina Effendy Adi Prautomo Copyright (c) 2024 Vidie Alfadina Effendy, Adi Prautomo 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 36 46 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.138 THE INFLUENCE OF PREJUDICE TO DISCRIMINATION IN CRAZY RICH ASIANS BY KEVIN KWAN <p style="font-weight: 400;">In this research, there are two objectives. The first one is to identify the factors of prejudice within the novel. The second is how the factors of prejudice influence to discrimination towards the characters in the novel. The theory that is used in the research is prejudice and discrimination by S. Dale McLemore. Prejudice was used to the determined the factors of behaviour of the characters in the novel and how the factors could lead to discrimination to the characters in the society within the novel. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive, the researcher collect all the data from the novel and correlating it with the theory. The researcher also used triangulation for accuracy between the data, theory and previous studies in this research. The researcher found the factors of prejudice as cultural transmission, personality traits and group identity. Each of the factors are correlated and responsible for how it leads to discrimination toward the characters, through situational pressure, group gains and institutional structure.</p> Farah Faye Hoogervorst Rosmiati Copyright (c) 2024 Farah Faye Hoogervorst, Rosmiati 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 47 59 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.145 INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND DISASTER RESILIENCE FOR CHILDREN: READING SMONG IN SELECTED LITERACY CLOUD SHORT STORIES <p>This study explores the integration of indigenous knowledge into children’s literature as a means of promoting disaster resilience among young readers. Through the lens of ecocriticism and descriptive qualitative research methodology, the study investigates the portrayal of <em>smong</em>, a form of indigenous knowledge from the Simeulue region of Indonesia, in two selected Literacy Cloud short stories: “Tsunami” by Yovita Siswanti and “Smong, the Dragon” by Maya Lestari. The analysis reveals how these stories effectively incorporate <em>smong</em> as a repository of local wisdom and resilience lessons in the face of natural disasters. Encouraging initiatives to incorporate more themes of indigenous knowledge into children's literature is crucial for promoting cultural preservation. In addition, integrating indigenous knowledge—particularly those with content related to disaster resilience—is valuable to empower children in disaster-prone areas. Overall, the study highlights the potential of children’s literature and digital platforms for education in fostering a harmonious relationship between humanity and the natural world amidst the challenges of environmental sustainability and possibilities of natural disasters.</p> Anna Anganita Theresia Latumeten Ulum Janah Copyright (c) 2024 Anna Anganita Theresia Latumeten, Ulum Janah 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 60 75 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.168 SONG OF SURVIVAL: MELODIES OF IDENTITY, DISPLACEMENT, RESISTANCE, AND HOPE IN “WAVIN' FLAG” BY K'NAAN <p>This research explores the themes of identity, displacement, resistance, and hope within K'naan's song "Wavin' Flag" through a postcolonial lens and a historical biographical approach. Born in Mogadishu, Somalia, K'naan experienced firsthand the turmoil of the Somali Civil War, leading to his displacement and resettlement in North America. Drawing upon his personal experiences as a Somali diaspora individual, K'naan intricately weaves together imagery, narrative, and symbolism within the song to convey the complex realities of the diasporic experience. The analysis of the song's lyrics reveals a profound exploration of K'naan's connection to Somalia, his struggles with displacement, and his resilience in the face of adversity. For the approach, this study integrates postcolonial theory with historical biographical criticism. It aims to elucidate the intricate relationship among personal experience, cultural context, and artistic expression within the Somali diaspora community. In conclusion, this research underscores the significance of "Wavin' Flag" in portraying the complex realities of the Somali diaspora experience, while highlighting the transformative power of literature to foster cultural understanding, resilience, and social change.</p> Tan Michael Chandra Copyright (c) 2024 Tan Michael Chandra 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 76 86 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.167 THE DEPICTION OF BEAUTY IN NPURE INSTAGRAM CONTENT: A STUDY OF WIDDOWS' THEORY AND KRESS & LEEUWEN'S METAFUNCTIONS <p>Social media platforms, such as Instagram, have become prominent spaces for individuals and companies to showcase their daily lives, products, and ideals. Npure, a skincare company, utilizes its Instagram presence to communicate the concept of beauty, frequently featuring women as the main characters in their posts. This study delves into the portrayal of the concept of beauty in Npure's Instagram content, with a focus on the use of women to convey this notion. By employing Widdows' (2018) theory of beauty and Kress and Leeuwen's (2021) metafunctions, a qualitative textual analysis was conducted. Data was obtained through purposive sampling of Npure's Instagram account, and subsequently analyzed within the framework of the aforementioned theories. The findings revealed that the four selected figures depict women with smooth, flawless skin holding a product close to their faces, showcasing luminosity with their smiles. Figure 5, although without a product, also highlights flawless skin. These figures exude youthfulness through cheerful expressions and firm, sag-free facial features, emphasizing beauty with clear skin, bright smiles, and a lack of visible pores or blemishes.</p> Lerissa Daniela Andrias Yulianto Agnes Asnidar Sihura Copyright (c) 2024 Lerissa Daniela, Andrias, Agnes 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 87 97 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.153 POLITENESS PRINCIPLE IN RADIO DAMAI FM PARIAMAN ADVERTISEMENTS <p>Politeness is an important aspect of speaking, especially in mass media. Radio, as an electronic media, conveys information to the public, one of which is advertising. In a radio advertisement, the aim is to be persuasive, so politeness is needed in delivering the broadcast. This article aims to describe the principles of language politeness contained in Radio Damai FM Pariaman advertising broadcasts. This research is qualitative research using descriptive methods. The data in this research are speech sentences in Radio Damai FM Pariaman advertising broadcasts. The data in this study was collected using proficient free-involved listening (SBLC) and note-taking techniques. Data analysis is carried out by transcribing data, identifying data, classifying data, interpreting data, and concluding the results of data analysis. The principles of language politeness contained in Radio Damai FM Pariaman advertising broadcasts are analyzed by classifying each utterance based on the form and function of language politeness and describing the condition of the speech. The results of the research revealed that there were 34 data on the principles of politeness used in Radio Damai FM Pariaman advertising broadcasts. This research has implications for Indonesian language learning in schools, especially advertising texts.</p> Nadia Fransisca Dwita Emidar Vivi Indriyani Herlin Triana Copyright (c) 2024 Nadia Fransisca Dwita, Emidar, Vivi Indriyani, Herlin Triana 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 98 110 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.149 INDONESIAN CULTURAL DIMENSION IN LET’S TALK TEXTBOOK FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL <p>The importance of culture and identity to the curriculum has gradually started to emerge in some schools. As a result, it has developed into a valuable research tool that is indispensable to the study of English language teaching. Many Indonesian English textbooks have been published to fulfill the need of teaching-learning process. Unfortunately, some textbooks are not responsive students’ cultural backgrounds which frequently makes it difficult for them to understand the content. There are several textbooks that are used in every school in Banda Aceh, one of them is <em>Let’s Talk</em> textbook. The purpose of this research is to investigate the extend of the cultural dimension of <em>Let's Talk</em> textbook accommodates the culture of Indonesian students. The data of this research are the contents of <em>Let’s Talk</em> textbook then they were analyzed qualitatively. The result of the research can be drawn that there is only four items of instrument of cultural dimension category that accommodate the culture of Indonesian students. There are product, practice, perspective, and person. Based on the data analysis, it can be concluded that the <em>Let’s Talk</em> textbook presents product higher than other categories of cultural dimension which mostly appears on place of Indonesia.</p> Nurlayli Yanti Copyright (c) 2024 Nurlayli Yanti 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 111 121 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.150 ENGAGING STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING ENGLISH THROUGH COLLABORATION TECHNIQUE <p>The objectives of this study were two points: first, to examine the implementation of collaboration techniques, and second, to assess students’ perspective to these techniques. The study focused on the students in the English department at the University of Muhammadiyah Aceh, with the sample consist-ing of students from the academic year 2021, 2022, and 2023, selected through random sampling. Data collection employed observation and interviews as instruments, with 15 students participating in the interview process. The observation results highlighted the prevalence of collaboration activities and think-pair-share as opposed to other techniques in classroom settings. Furthermore, students’ responses to the implementation of collaboration technique were predominantly positive. Notably, students expressed increased student engagement, enhanced communication abilities, a diversity of viewpoints, peer learning, critical thinking, and the acquisition of crucial life skills.</p> Cut Mawar Helmanda Siti Safura Copyright (c) 2024 Cut Mawar Helmanda, Siti Safura 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 122 131 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.148 THE THE PERCEPTION OF THE STUDENTS IN THE USE OF GUESSING GAME IN ENHANCING VOCABULARY LEARNING MOTIVATION <p>This is a descriptive quantitative research with 30 students as the respondent. Questionnaire was used as the instrument of data collecting. 57% respondents strongly agree that games motivate students in learning a language, 57 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game is useful tool be applied, 50 % respondents agree that guessing game is effective tool be applied, 60 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game makes learning vocabulary become more interesting, 50 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game makes learning vocabulary become more enjoyable, 40 % respondents agree that guessing game can reduce the students’ anxiety, 57 % respondents agree that guessing game can increase the students’ positive feeling, 63 % respondents agree that games improve self-confidence, 50 % respondents agree that guessing game is a useful tool in improving vocabulary acquisition in natural way, 70 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game can create fun atmosphere, 63 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game is recommended in vocabulary learning, 70 % respondents strongly agree that guessing game gives a lot of advantages in learning vocabulary, 63 % respondents disagree that guessing game has disadvantages in learning vocabulary,57 % respondents disagree that guessing game is time consuming.</p> Fariska Wulandari Copyright (c) 2024 Fariska Wulandari 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 132 145 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.142 SLANG LANGUAGE USE IN @NIKITAMIRZANIMAWARDI_172 INSTAGRAM ACCOUNT <p style="font-weight: 400;">The dynamic development of language enables the emergence of new languages and meanings in society. The development of slang among adolescents is very creative and creates new slang. This study aimed to identify the function of slang used on Instagram @nikitamirzanimawardi_172. A qualitative method with a qualitative descriptive approach was used in this study to explain the function of slang. Slang on the Instagram account @nikitamirzanimawardi_172 as a data source. The data collection technique used was the technique of reading and noting. Based on the results of data analysis, this study showed that there are 9 functions of using slang on the Instagram account @nikitamirzanimawardi_172, including: as a joke or just for fun, to look different and up to date, avoid preamble, enrich vocabulary, for several purposes certain (refining and emphasizing rejection, and reducing the excessive seriousness of a conversation), to show group membership, to ease social relations, and to show solidity, reality. There were also types of slang, such as jargon, prokem, and colloquial. Based on the results of this study, it was hoped that it will become a source of information for further research, considering that language has developed over time.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Keywords</strong>: slang language, function, Instagram </p> Agus Darma Yoga Pratama Copyright (c) 2024 Agus Darma Yoga Pratama 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 146 156 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.144 ONLINE PROSTITUTION REGISTER ON MICHAT <p><em>The birth and development of technology can affect people's behavior. In addition to influencing in a positive direction, the fact is that technology also influences social behavior in a negative direction. One example of negative influence is the rise of online prostitution business practices. Thus, the business practice of prostitution, which is the oldest business practice in the world, can change from traditional to modern. Prostitutes use terms that are only understood by their potential customers. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out the form, meaning and function of registers born in the midst of online prostitution business on one of Singapore's dating apps MiChat. The data collection method used is documentation technique. Furthermore, in analyzing the data, classification and interpretation techniques were used, to find out the function of the register I conducted a short conversation on the chat feature. After analyzing the data, this study found forty-eight registers classified into three forms. In addition to the classification into three forms of registers, this study also found several registers that have personal and representational functions.</em></p> Catur Priyo Putranto Copyright (c) 2024 Catur Priyo Putranto 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 157 167 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.156 THE ROLE OF ACEH GOVERNMENT IN PROMOTING THE USE OF ACEHNESE AS A REGIONAL LANGUAGE <p>Bahasa Aceh is a local language which has a unique history and characteristics that set it apart from other local languages in Indonesia. However, the everyday use of Acehnese language is increasingly influenced by Indonesian and other foreign languages. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the role of the Aceh government in preserving and promoting Acehnese as a valuable regional language. This research employs a descriptive qualitative method by collecting data through surveys, interviews, document studies, and participatory observations with government officials, cultural experts, and the public who use Acehnese language in their daily lives. The data was analysed by summarizing the survey results, interviews, document studies, and observations. The research findings indicate that the Aceh government has played a positive role in preserving and promoting Acehnese language by establishing regulations and rules in the Aceh province, providing Acehnese language training to the community to enhance their understanding and proficiency in Acehnese, and developing Acehnese culture using Acehnese language in arts and cultural activities.</p> Rahil Helmi Siswantia Sar Copyright (c) 2024 Rahil Helmi, Siswantia Sar 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 168 176 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.157 THE PROBLEMS FACED BY THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN SPEAKING PERFORMANCE AT BINA SARANA INFORMATIKA UNIVERSITY <p>This research focused to analyze English speaking skill problems encountered by the students. The participants of this research was 30 students of second-semester at Bina Sarana Informatika University. The data of this research were conducted through speaking test and interview. The interview showed to see the students who got low score in speaking performance. The findings from the speaking test showed that the students faced the problems in four aspect of speaking skills such as grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and self-confidence. The students did not know how to express and pronounce the words because they did not have basic English skills. Moreover, they are afraid to make mistake in speaking English.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> tarina dashela Yeni Mustika Copyright (c) 2024 tarina dashela, Yeni Mustika 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 177 182 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.158 TYPES OF FEEDBACK APPEAR IN TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS AT SMA 1 MUARO JAMBI <p>This qualitative research aimed to investigate frequently types of feedback in learning and teaching process at Senior High School 1 Muaro Jambi. Data were collected through classroom observation in video recording learning and teaching process. The participant of this research is 11<sup>th</sup> MIPA 1 Grader of Senior High School 1 Muaro Jambi. The observation data analyzed descriptively using discourse analysis through conversation analysis. Based on the research result, there were several types of feedback appear in classroom activities such as direct feedback and indirect feedback. Indirect feedback modified became a several part such as Feedback, which happened at a literal level become to com­prehend or to request what the utterance meant the statement was wrong, High or low intonation feedback speeches either questions or statement that high intona­tion referred the statement was wrong or low intonation refers right and One of kind of Feedback, which was speaker paraphrase utterance’s statement or question to substitute utterance’s wrong statement recast. As suggestion, Second language learner (L2) learner and teacher could identified and applied the feedback in class­room activities.</p> Raju Kurniawan Copyright (c) 2024 Raju Kurniawan 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 183 194 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.160 THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION IN “DREAM” SONG LYRICS CREATED BY PUTRI ARIANI <p>This article aims to analyze therapeutic communication in the lyrics of the song “Dream” by Putri Ariani. This research methodology uses a qualitative approach with Van Dijk's discourse analysis method. The results showed that the lyrics of the song “Dream” have macro and micro structures that interpret the hope to be achieved as the main theme, and the superstructure consists of verse 1, verse 2, reff 1, verse 3, reff 2, reff 1, reff 2, coda. The lyrics of the song “Dream” by Putri Ariani provide therapy to listeners because it contains a message about the journey to achieve dreams will face difficulties that need to be faced by surrendering to God and always being grateful will lead to happiness. At the end of the song, the lyrics emphasize the belief to the listener about the existence of happiness as a therapeutic form of anxiety on the journey of life.</p> Muhamad Faizal Nailusidqi Fery Wijayanto Copyright (c) 2024 Muhamad Faizal Nailusidqi, Fery Wijayanto 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 195 205 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.161 SEMANTIC CHANGE ANALYSIS ON THE DIALOGUES IN NARRATIVE TEXT IN SECOND YEARS ENGLISH TEXTBOOK OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL <p>Semantic change is a form of language change regarding the evolution of wodrd usage-usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage. The research questions of the research are 1) What are the types of Semantic Changes Analysis on the Dialogues in Narrative Text in Second Years English Textbook of Senior High School? 2) What is the dominant type of Semantic Changes Analysis on the Dialogues in Narrative Text in Second Years English Textbook of Senior High School. This research approach uses a qualitative descrptive content analysis. Then this research use the theory proposed by palmer (1981).The research findings both in the textbooks 11 narrative text. The researcher found 15 data in generalization, in specialization the researcher found 5 data, in pejoration the researcher found 6 data and the researcher does not include namely type amelioration.</p> Pebri Prandika Putra Harianti Copyright (c) 2024 Pebri Prandika Putra, Harianti 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 10 1 206 216 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.162 MODALIZATION IN HEALTH PUBLIC SERVICE ADVERTISEMENT: A SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR STUDY <p>Using a systemic functional grammar approach, this research looks for modalization in health public service announcements. A descriptive qualitative method is used in this study. A component of modality that is elaborated in interpersonal Meta function, known as "modalization," expresses the writer's or speaker's opinions about the material being communicated. Various media types are available for the acquisition of information. One of them might be an advertising campaign. It can be accessed online, in periodicals, and on television. This writer uses the Systemic Functional Grammar technique to examine the health public service announcement. The modalization employed in health public service announcements is the subject of the current writer's analysis. Pinterest provides health public service announcements, which is where the research's data came from.</p> Ponia Mega Septiana Imam Muhtadi Wiwi Sari Copyright (c) 2024 Ponia Mega Septiana, Imam Muhtadi, Wiwi Widuri Sinta Putri Sari 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 217 224 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.159 CRITICAL THINKING TASKS MANIFESTED IN THE INDONESIAN MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE AUTHORIZED EFL TEXTBOOK <p>Critical thinking becomes a fundamental goal of higher education. Thus, critical thinking is a crucial competence in learning a foreign language. For this reason, English as a Foreign Language (EFL) textbooks support EFL learners and encourage their critical thinking ability. The present content analysis research investigates to what extent critical thinking is implemented in the EFL textbook used by senior high school students in Indonesia. It mainly determines whether the tasks in the EFL textbook promote students’ critical thinking skills. The Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture (MONEC) authorizes the analysis of the EFL textbook. Freeman's critical thinking framework was used for the analytic categories. The findings found that the textbook promoted critical thinking from the affected aspect rather than the content and language questions in Freeman's framework. Moreover, the activities in the textbook mostly focused on how students delivered their responses to the topic in the EFL textbook. The findings recommend promoting critical thinking through affect questions, which has been considered one of the educational objectives in this country; textbook developers need to generate more tasks endorsing critical thinking in content and language. Furthermore, EFL teachers must be trained to vary the tasks that can encourage students' CT skills.</p> Sangaji Yudhi Pratama Lutvy Arsanti Copyright (c) 2024 Sangaji Yudhi Pratama, Lutvy Arsanti 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 225 235 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.164 THE RELATIONSHIP OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION (SLA) IN ELT <p>Second language acquisition (SLA) has been an important topic of research within the field of English Language Teaching (ELT), with numerous teaching methods and approaches being examined to better language learning. One of the most prominent figure is Stephen Krasen. Krasen develop monitor theory by five hypotheses that relate to a framework for teaching a providing second second language namely: the acquisition and learning hypothesis, the natural sequence hypothesis, the simple present tense structure will be acquired and mastered first by learners than the simple past tense structure, the Monitor Hypothesis, the input hypothesis, the affective filter hypothesis. Through the monitor exists in learning is a tool to "monitor" ones outputs, to edit and make changes or corrections as they are consciously.</p> <p> </p> Tiara Widyaiswara Dian Luthfiyaty Moh. Nurman Copyright (c) 2024 Tiara Widyaiswara, Dian Luthfiyaty, Moh. Nurman 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 236 244 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.165 EXPLORING STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF THE CONTROL OVER LEARNING CONTENT IN AUTONOMOUS ENGLISH LEARNING <p>The limited classroom learning time makes autonomous learning skills crucial for students to enhance their English language proficiency. However, the lecturer should also control students’ autonomous learning including the learning content. This study explores students' perceptions of the control over learning content by students and the lecturer for promoting autonomous English learning. The researchers employed a qualitative method with interviews, observation, and documentation to gather the data. There were 15 non-English department students as the subject of the study. The finding revealed that the students had autonomy in controlling their English learning content such as determining the content reference, the content form, and adapting to needs. Although they began to have autonomy, they needed the lecturer’s role to support them. It was remainder for the lecturer that the role of facilitator, counsellor, and evaluator in English language teaching. Therefore, exploring students’ perceptions related to their autonomy in English learning is important to enhance teaching further.</p> Rabiatul Adawiyah Copyright (c) 2024 Rabiatul Adawiyah 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 245 257 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.166 THE USAGE OF TABOO WORD TO PORTRAY THE POLITICAL VIEWS IN EMINEM SONGS LYRICS FROM 2002-2017 <p>This research of taboo word in the Eminem song lyrics from 2002-2017. There are two objectives of this research; 1). To identify the type of taboo word that are used to portray the political views in Eminem song lyrics and 2). To describe how the taboo words, portray political views in Eminem songs. The theory used in this research is the sociolinguistics theory according to Battistella theory of taboo word; the methodology employed is qualitative research in which the researcher tried to present the issues descriptively. As for the data, they were collected from the lyrics of the songs. The singer utterance in the song lyrics were taken out as the primary data. The result of the research, the researcher found the types of taboo word that used in Eminem song are epithet, profanity, vulgarity and obscenity. Meanwhile, the researcher also found that there are two classifications of taboo words that portray political views, taboo words portrayed protest against government’s system and taboo words portrayed protest against racial discrimination.</p> Anita Rahayu Waladdin Panggabean Copyright (c) 2024 Anita Rahayu, Waladdin Panggabean 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 258 269 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.146 UNRAVELING CULTURAL COMPLEXITY IN DIGITAL TRANSLATION: AN EXPLORATION OF CULTURAL TRANSLATION <p>The interconnectedness of the contemporary world necessitates the crucial role of digital translation in bridging communication gaps across linguistic and cultural divides. However, this process is fraught with challenges, particularly the intricate nuances of cultural differences. This article embarks on an investigation of cultural translation within the digital age. The article delves into the multifaceted nature of cultural gaps and their impact on digital translation practices. Through a qualitative descriptive methodology, the article examines the intricacies of cultural nuances with the aim of 1) Complexity of cultural nuances in translation, 2) The Limitations of Machine Translation for Cultural Understanding, 3) Importance of human expertise in translation, 4) Strategies for enhancing cultural sensitivity in translation and 5) Interdisciplinary insights into cultural translation. By illuminating the complexities of cultural translation and providing guidance, this article endeavours to contribute to the advancement of digital translation practices on a global scale. This is achieved through the application of Cultural Translation theory, drawing upon findings in the areas of 1) Complexity of cultural translation, 2) Challenges using machine translation 3) Human expertise in translation, 4) Strategies for cultural sensitivity in translation and 5) Interdisciplinary insights of cultural translation</p> Jepri Copyright (c) 2024 Jepri 2024-03-31 2024-03-31 10 1 270 287 10.36277/jurnalprologue.v10i1.163